Trade can accelerate the diffusion of goods and services to places where such goods and services are most needed and thus help stimulate productive local capacity

.In particular, environmental goods and services -consisting of goods and services needed to produce clean and renewable energy and reduce waste and pollution among others - perform a variety of functions essential to tackling environmental challenges, regenerating the natural environment and making production and consumption more sustainable, in harmony with the principles of IDDRSI.

Trade can help countries adapt to negative impacts such as those arising from a disruption in the production of staple food crops induced by climate change phenomena and related disturbances in economic activity. It can do this by providing a vital flow of supplies to areas that may suffer a sudden reduction in the domestic production of the affected food crops. In an integrated economic system, the most affected areas can import food from regions where climate change impacts are relatively less severe. An example is portrayed in the article about at-risk youth mentorship and engagement in trade. Additionally, trade can serve as a tool to support recovery efforts from natural disasters.


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  • The IGAD region covers an area of 5.2 million km2
  • IGAD region has a population of more than 240 million people
  • The region is endowed with a considerable range of natural resources, with a huge potential for a variety wealth creation and progress.
  • About 70% of the IGAD region comprises arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) that receive less than 600mm in annual rainfall and are characterized by recurrent drought.
  • Over the years, severity and frequency of droughts have been increasing and desertification, land degradation, global warming and related climate change phenomena exacerbated it
  • The IGAD region has a strategic place in the Horn of Africa.
  • IGAD is focused for regional economic cooperation and integration.

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