The Karamoja area, which straddles the common boundary between Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan and Ethiopia has for a long time experienced a range of challenges, including drought and food insecurity, internal and cross-border violence, cattle rustling, prevalence of weapons and unwarranted loss of human life, all of which challenges have resulted in unacceptable levels of human suffering. The communities that inhabit Karamoja, whose livelihoods depend on pastoralism, frequently move their livestock across the common border in search of pasture and water; and livestock from both sides of the border frequently make contact. Despite being treated and regularly tested on the Ugandan side of the border, herders observed that animals were increasingly contracting illnesses and dying after making contact with untreated and untested livestock, mostly from across the border in Kenya.




Administration Areas with in the IGAD Cluster 1

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The Role of Groundwater in Drought Resilience in the IGAD Region

26-07-2017, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia): The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in partnership with the World Bank this morning opened a two-day workshop aimed at considering The role of Groundwater in Drought Resilience in the IGAD Region under the chairmanship of the Director of Boundary and Transboundary Rivers Affairs Directorate of Ethiopia, Mr. Teshome Atnafi, the Programme Manager of Natural Resources and Renewable Energy, Mr Daher Elmi, and Senior Water Resources Management Specialist-World Bank Washington, Mr. Marcus Wijnen. 


  • The IGAD region covers an area of 5.2 million km2
  • IGAD region has a population of more than 240 million people
  • The region is endowed with a considerable range of natural resources, with a huge potential for a variety wealth creation and progress.
  • About 70% of the IGAD region comprises arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) that receive less than 600mm in annual rainfall and are characterized by recurrent drought.
  • Over the years, severity and frequency of droughts have been increasing and desertification, land degradation, global warming and related climate change phenomena exacerbated it
  • The IGAD region has a strategic place in the Horn of Africa.
  • IGAD is focused for regional economic cooperation and integration.
  • The ultimate goal of IGAD is the welfare of its population in the form of human security and to maintain peace and security for sustainable development

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