The 3W map is one of the key components of the unified KM system and serves as a project portfolio management tool. 

The 3W map is one of the key components of the unified KM system and serves as a project portfolio management tool.  IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI) signed in 2012, focuses on a multi-sector and holistic approach to drought. It responds to the underlining causes of drought emergencies by putting in place 4 inter-related Priority Interventionas Areas to effectively and pro-actively reduce humanitarian crises. Based on IDDRSI, IGAD Member states developed their respective Country Programming Papers (CPP) and IGAD Regional Programming Paper (RPP). 

Defining Resilience

While there are several definitions of resilience, these tend to share three common elements:

I.The Capacity to bounce back better after a shock.

II.The capacity to adapt to a changing environment.

III.The transformative capacity of enabling institutional environment.

 Relevant resilience programming thus requires a good understanding of resilience dynamics and related dimensions. 

Why a “Who is doing What and Where” 3W MAP?

Drought resilience requires a holistic and multi-sectoral development approach. The “Who is doing what and where “3W map gives decision makers and concerned managers an easy platform for resilience monitoring and planning. This planning becomes possible by using a web-based map to know:

Who is involved? What is being implemented? And where are investments taking place?


Who is involved? Identifying partners with interests in investing in a region is important. It can be important to help identify opportunities for mutual cooperation. It is also very helpful as it allows for capturing and leveraging successful experience developed by implementing government bodies and non- government organizations.


Relevant resilience programming thus requires a good understanding of resilience dynamics and related dimensions. 


 What is being implemented? what are the activities being implemented by other sectors and partners?  What has been achieved until now in terms of the identified resilience objective? This is vital to avoid the duplication of efforts. It is also important for identifying potential gaps and investments needs. Are new initiatives integrated and built to provide complementarily to existing investments?


Where are investments taking place? Do they reflect effectively the cross-border dimensions of shared ecosystems? Do they look at the dynamic movements of pastoral communities? Are benefits being equitably distributed between communities?

Following the development of the resilience investment map for Kenya, IGAD Knowledge Management team is extending the development of this programming and monitoring tool to Ethiopia. 

Accessing the IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience Investment Map

The investments map of IGAD is a place where initiative in the IDDRSI programming papers is reflected. The Prototype map is accessed by visiting the following sites

Latest News

Technical meeting to facilitate cross-border dialogue meeting for IGAD Cluster 4

11 October 2018, Addis Ababa:  A two-day technical meeting has been convened by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to discuss experiences gained in implementing cross-border development, identify challenges and opportunities for launching the  IGAD Cluster 4 (Dikhil), and agree on the modalities for cooperation and collaboration.

Press Release

Resources and KM tools


  • The IGAD region covers an area of 5.2 million km2
  • IGAD region has a population of more than 240 million people
  • The region is endowed with a considerable range of natural resources, with a huge potential for a variety wealth creation and progress.
  • About 70% of the IGAD region comprises arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) that receive less than 600mm in annual rainfall and are characterized by recurrent drought.
  • Over the years, severity and frequency of droughts have been increasing and desertification, land degradation, global warming and related climate change phenomena exacerbated it
  • The IGAD region has a strategic place in the Horn of Africa.
  • IGAD is focused for regional economic cooperation and integration.
  • The ultimate goal of IGAD is the welfare of its population in the form of human security and to maintain peace and security for sustainable development

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