The 3W map is one of the key components of the unified KM system and serves as a project portfolio management tool. 

The 3W map is one of the key components of the unified KM system and serves as a project portfolio management tool.  IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI) signed in 2012, focuses on a multi-sector and holistic approach to drought. It responds to the underlining causes of drought emergencies by putting in place 4 inter-related Priority Interventionas Areas to effectively and pro-actively reduce humanitarian crises. Based on IDDRSI, IGAD Member states developed their respective Country Programming Papers (CPP) and IGAD Regional Programming Paper (RPP). 

Defining Resilience

While there are several definitions of resilience, these tend to share three common elements:

I.The Capacity to bounce back better after a shock.

II.The capacity to adapt to a changing environment.

III.The transformative capacity of enabling institutional environment.

 Relevant resilience programming thus requires a good understanding of resilience dynamics and related dimensions. 

Why a “Who is doing What and Where” 3W MAP?

Drought resilience requires a holistic and multi-sectoral development approach. The “Who is doing what and where “3W map gives decision makers and concerned managers an easy platform for resilience monitoring and planning. This planning becomes possible by using a web-based map to know:

Who is involved? What is being implemented? And where are investments taking place?


Who is involved? Identifying partners with interests in investing in a region is important. It can be important to help identify opportunities for mutual cooperation. It is also very helpful as it allows for capturing and leveraging successful experience developed by implementing government bodies and non- government organizations.


Relevant resilience programming thus requires a good understanding of resilience dynamics and related dimensions. 


 What is being implemented? what are the activities being implemented by other sectors and partners?  What has been achieved until now in terms of the identified resilience objective? This is vital to avoid the duplication of efforts. It is also important for identifying potential gaps and investments needs. Are new initiatives integrated and built to provide complementarily to existing investments?


Where are investments taking place? Do they reflect effectively the cross-border dimensions of shared ecosystems? Do they look at the dynamic movements of pastoral communities? Are benefits being equitably distributed between communities?

Following the development of the resilience investment map for Kenya, IGAD Knowledge Management team is extending the development of this programming and monitoring tool to Ethiopia. 

Accessing the IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience Investment Map

The investments map of IGAD is a place where initiative in the IDDRSI programming papers is reflected. The Prototype map is accessed by visiting the following sites

Latest News

The 9th IDDRSI Steering Committee meeting on 17th and 18th December 2018 at the Sheraton Hotel, Djibouti Ville, Djibouti

The IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI), conducted its 9th Steering Committee meeting on the 17th and 18th of December 2018 in Djibouti. The meeting was supported by the European Union (EU) and the Federal German Ministry of  Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) within the framework of the "Strengthening the ability of IGAD to promote resilience in the Horn of Africa’ project". The project in support of IGAD, is implemented by the Technical arm of the German Development Cooperation (GIZ). The meeting that attracted the participation of close to 70 experts from the different IGAD Member States and IDDRSI Stakeholders, resulted in the reaffirmation and adoption of new recommendations. The latter focused on issues such as cross border programming, the role and format of the Steering Committee, gender dimensions as well as other IDDRSI related priorities.

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Resources and KM tools


  • The IGAD region covers an area of 5.2 million km2
  • IGAD region has a population of more than 240 million people
  • The region is endowed with a considerable range of natural resources, with a huge potential for a variety wealth creation and progress.
  • About 70% of the IGAD region comprises arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) that receive less than 600mm in annual rainfall and are characterized by recurrent drought.
  • Over the years, severity and frequency of droughts have been increasing and desertification, land degradation, global warming and related climate change phenomena exacerbated it
  • The IGAD region has a strategic place in the Horn of Africa.
  • IGAD is focused for regional economic cooperation and integration.
  • The ultimate goal of IGAD is the welfare of its population in the form of human security and to maintain peace and security for sustainable development

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