Livelihood systems in the drought-prone arid lands of the Horn of Africa (HoA) have been under-resourced, leaving their population more vulnerable to external stressors. Over the last decade, droughts of varying intensity and increasing frequency have hit the HoA. These perennial drought crises have severely impoverished the natural resource base of the Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASALs), rendering pastoralists' traditional livelihoods throughout the HoA increasingly tenuous. Climate change will likely worsen and intensify the frequency and magnitude of droughts and floods in the region.
The ecosystems from which pastoralists derive their livelihoods often go beyond national borders as do the market networks for livestock that provide them with opportunities for income growth. The current Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project (RPLRP) seeks to develop regional solutions to challenges faced by pastoralists who reside in the ASALs of Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia, to enhance opportunities for livelihood development available to them.
The Project Objectives are to enhance livelihood resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in cross-border drought prone areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda Countries and improve the capacity of these Countries’ governments to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency.
Natural Resources Management: aims at enhancing the sustainable management and secures access of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities at natural resources (water and pasture) with trans-boundary significance
Market Access and Trade: aims at improving the market access of the agro-pastoralists and pastoralists to the intra-regional and international markets of livestock and livestock products.
Livelihood Support: aims at enhancing the livelihoods of Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities.
Pastoral Risk Management: aims at enhancing drought-related hazards and preparedness, prevention and response at the national and regional levels.
458 water points infrastructure developed and sustainably managed; improved access to water resources by 50% pastoral and agro-pastoral communities
Sustainably managed 5420 ha pastoral and agro-pastoral land
Established 49 cross border conflict management platforms and improve access to natural resources
Developed and improved 48 market infrastructures and improve livestock market information system at the national and regional level
Ratified four regional protocols about sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards by the three countries Policies; 1Train some 2667 stakeholders in policy and regulatory framework of the region
Project target households satisfied by the livestock health services at the regional, national and local level
Enhance through Demonstration 29 new technologies and practices for food and feed production and 45 for alternative livelihoods
Improve Regional, national and local early warning and response mechanism for disaster risk management
Effective disaster risks management policies harmonized and contingency plans available for the three countries
The RPLRP in each of the three countries and IGAD operate independently but connected at IGAD level providing sense of Regional context of the project. At IGAD the project coordination staff is housed in ICPALD, Nairobi, operating under the Division of Agriculture and Environment. Steering committee consisting of Directors and head of the IGAD specialized institutions (CEWARN, ICPAC and ICPALD) oversight the IGAD RPLRP implementation. Activities under the IGAD RPLRP are executed by staff of CEWARN, ICPAC, ICPALD and IGAD Secretariat as coordinated by RPLRP staff at the coordination unit.
In Ethiopia RPLRP Project coordination unit, housed within Ministry of Agriculture, and the team is responsible for guiding project execution at Regional state and Woreda levels. The PCU also extend to four Regional States (Oromia, SNNP, Ethiopia Somali and Afar) and 21 woredas. The activities and progresses are also over sighted by Project Steering Committees formed at Federal, Regional State and Woreda levels.
In Kenya the RPLRP Coordination Unit is housed in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. At 14 counties level, project coordination unit staff will lead day to day execution of the project. The project operation and progress is over sighted by steering committee established at National and county levels.
In Uganda the RPLRP National Coordination Unit is housed in the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries. At the district level, the District Project Coordination Unit staff carries out the day to day execution of the project. The project operation and progress is over sighted by a National Steering Committee at Central level and District Technical Committees at District level.
Funding: World Bank/IDA
- IGAD grant value US$ 5 million;
- Kenya loan value US$ 77 million;
- Ethiopia loan value US$ 75 million
- Uganda loan value US$ 40 million