The Republic of Djibouti has 5 administrative regions (Ali-sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Tadjourah and Obock) and a population of 818,159 inhabitants according to the preliminary results of the 2009 census
Djibouti is exposed to numerous natural hazards: (i) acute droughts occurring approximately every 4 years since 1996; (Ii) large floods returning on average every 10 years; (Iii) frequent earthquakes reaching magnitudes of 4 to 5 on the Richter scale; (Iv) volcanism in the Afar depression region; And (v) fires related to prolonged dry periods.
The drylands hold about 95% of all the cattle in the country and produce 85% of all milk and meat
South Sudan Has the 6th largest livestock herd in Africa, with an estimated 11,7 million head of cattle, 12,4 million goats and 12,1 million sheep.
The livestock sectors exports or live animals annually average 1,6 million heads; 86% of which are sheep, 8% camels, 5% goats and 1% cattle
The livestock sector in Djibouti after the drought passed from more than 1 million heads to 775,000 heads.
It is estimated that the total number of people affected by the 2011 drought was 13.4 million5 including as many as 4.5 million Ethiopians6, when the drought was at its peak.
Overall the output of the livestock sector largely originating from the ASAL contributes 12-16% to Ethiopia Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 30-35% to the agricultural GDP
The arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) cover over 80% of the landmass and are predominantly inhabited by pastoral and agro-pastoral communities who mostly depend on livestock production.
According to the inter-agency Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG) an estimated 4.5 million people were affected in 2011, 3.8 million in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) and 700,000 in non-ASAL areas
90 per cent of wildlife in Kenya is found in the ASALs