IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI) signed in 2012, focuses on a multi-sector and holistic approach to drought. It responds to the underlining causes of drought emergencies by putting in place 4 inter-related Priority Interventionas Areas to effectively and pro-actively reduce humanitarian crises. Based on IDDRSI, IGAD Member states developed their respective Country Programming Papers (CPP) and IGAD Regional Programming Paper (RPP).
While there are several definitions of resilience, these tend to share three common elements:
I.The Capacity to bounce back better after a shock.
II.The capacity to adapt to a changing environment.
III.The transformative capacity of enabling institutional environment.
Relevant resilience programming thus requires a good understanding of resilience dynamics and related dimensions.
Why a “Who is doing What and Where” 3W MAP?
Drought resilience requires a holistic and multi – sect oral development approach. The “Who is doing what and where “3W map gives decision makers and concerned managers an easy platform for resilience monitoring and planning. This planning becomes possible by using a web based map to know:
Who is involved? What is being implemented? And where are investments taking place?
Who is involved? Identifying partners with interests in investing in a region is important. It can be important to help identify opportunities for mutual cooperation. It is also very helpful as it allows for capturing and leveraging successful experience developed by implementing government bodies and non- government organizations.
What is being implemented? what are the activities being implemented by other sectors and partners ? What has been achieved until now in terms of the identified resilience objective? This is vital to avoid the duplication of efforts. It is also important for identifying potential gaps and investments needs. Are new initiatives integrated and built to provide complementarily to existing investments?
Where are investments taking place? Do they reflect effectively the cross – border dimensions of shared ecosystems? Do they look at the dynamic movements of pastoral communities? Are benefits being equitably distributed between communities?
Following the development of the resilience investment map for Kenya, IGAD Knowledge Management team is extending the development of this programming and monitoring tool to Ethiopia .
Accessing the IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience Investment Map
The investments map of IGAD is a place where initiative in the IDDRSI programming papers is reflected. The Prototype map is accessed by visiting the following sites
Pilot 3W Map Kenya
Pilot 3W Map Ethiopia
Pilot 3W Map Sudan
Pilot 3W Map Djibouti
Pilot 3W Map Uganda
In addition to the Ending Drought Emergencies 3W Map of Kenya , IGAD secretariat is developing an IGAD Regional MAP. The IDDRSI Platform Coordination Unit, with the technical support and active participation on UNOCHA and GIZ, will put in place a plan to replicate the 3W map in all IGAD member states.