At the national level, the Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Fisheries and Livestock, in charge of Marine resources, is the focal point for the IDDRSI activities and is responsible for the implementation of the program on behalf of the Government of Djibouti through a focal point structure which is the general supervisor and which is  also responsible for facilitating the IGAD regional platform and setting up an inter-ministerial  steering committee for coordination between the public and private institutions involved In the implementation of the different components of the program.

The national platform, as a mechanism to coordinate and harmonize the implementation of actions financed by development partners at national level, has as its main objective the improvement of the sustainability of resilience to shocks for vulnerable populations, particularly those with pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods, in order to put an end to drought emergencies in Djibouti. To this end, it is responsible for: 

  • Coordinating the identification, prioritization and formulation of interventions aimed at strengthening drought resilience.
  • Mobilize Resources (human, material  and financial) to better target identified priority interventions. And
  • Collect, analyze and distribute / publish information on the implementation of interventions at the national.

The members of the national platform for drought resilience include government line ministries, development partners, NGO’s and civil society.

The IDDRSI focal point institutions (Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Fisheries and Livestock in charge of Marine resources) is currently preparing the core functioning modalities of the national IDDRSI platform.

 

Country Background
The Republic of Djibouti is situated in the Horn of Africa bordering Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Yemen. Its location on the eastern coast of Africa, the southern outlet of the Red Sea and the western Gulf of Aden, that is, between the Suez Canal and the Far East, is the origin of its strategic importance.

The Republic of Djibouti has 5 administrative regions (Ali-sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Tadjourah and Obock) and a population of 818,159 inhabitants according to the preliminary results of the 2009 census. The urban population is estimated at 577,933 inhabitants (approximately 71% of the population) and the rural population at 240 226 inhabitants (About 29% of the population). The city of Djibouti alone is home to 475 322 inhabitants (about 58% of the total population of the country).

Despite the small size of the country and the small rural population, there is a wide diversity of rural patterns of livelihoods. This is related to two factors: the varied geography of the country and the range of economic relations between urban and rural areas.

Geographically, Djibouti is home to the second lowest point of the earth (Assal Lake, 156 m or 512 feet below sea level) and several mountains over 1500 m (5000 ft). The highest mountain in the country is Moussa Ali (2010 m or 6,600 feet) spans the border between Djibouti, Ethiopia and Eritrea.

 

 

Facts about ASAL Area

Djibouti is arid and semi-arid climates. The ecological constraints of Djibouti ASALs set limits to rural production systems and livelihoods. These constraints include

  • A rainfall pattern that is inherently erratic;
  • Rains which often fall as heavy showers and are lost as run-off;
  • Extreme high levels of potential evapo-transpiration rates which quickly reduces available water and moisture;
  • Highly competitive weeds growing more vigorously than cultivated crops and likewise competing for moisture and
  • Low organic matter contents in soils except for short periods after harvesting or after manure applications.

Djibouti is characterized by recurrent drought, famine, and environmental degradation and is amongst the world’s most food-insecure and ecological vulnerable regions with 20% of inhabitants being pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. 

The country has experienced an unprecedented drought since 2007, seriously affecting more than 50% of the rural.

Extending well beyond the borders of Djibouti, this drought has also encouraged the resurgence of refugees entering the country since May 2011. 

The drought has had multiple and cumulative effects resulting in (i) a sharp drop in groundwater and drying up of traditional wells for the supply of drinking water to the rural population and livestock; (Ii) the degradation or total disappearance of the vegetation cover in many areas of range, thus decimating the herd; (Iii) and the depletion of wells in small agricultural areas.

A combination of population pressure, desertification and above all drought is forcing Djibouti pastoralists out of their traditional grazing lands to live in improvised settlements near the capital city. 

Rural conditions in the small Horn of Africa nation at the mouth of the Red Sea are approaching the point where the pastoralist way of life itself – in which people are almost entirely dependent on their animals – might soon no longer be viable. 

 “Distress sales” of privately-owned cattle, sheep and goats are becoming more and more common as people move toward Djibouti city in the hope of finding casual work or humanitarian aid. 

Facts about pastoralism 

Djibouti “Pastoralism” combines the way of living and the distinct production system. Both elements are mutually dependent and the response to the marked ecological conditions and rainfall variability, have evolved over generations and used the main strategy of mobility to access limited water and grazing resources in large ecosystems across borders.

The majority of livestock is kept in pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems, which are driven by the availability of pasture and water. The fragile resource base in Djibouti rural areas is very sensitive to changes in climatic conditions, which makes pastoralists and agro-pastoralists highly vulnerable to climate change. The droughts cause highly level of animal mortality, mostly from starvation and lack of water. 

A combination of population pressure, desertification and above all drought is forcing Djibouti pastoralists out of their traditional grazing lands to live in improvised settlements near the capital city. 

Rural conditions in Djibouti are approaching the point where the pastoralist way of life itself – in which people are almost entirely dependent on their animals – might soon no longer be viable. 

“Distress sales” of privately-owned cattle, sheep and goats are becoming more and more common as people move toward Djibouti city in the hope of finding casual work or humanitarian aid. 

Facts about disasters for specific country 
  • Djibouti is exposed to numerous natural hazards:
    • Acute droughts occurring approximately every 4 years since 1996;
    • Large floods returning on average every 10 years;
    • Frequent earthquakes reaching magnitudes of 4 to 5 on the Richter scale;
    • Volcanism in the Afar depression region; And (v) fires related to prolonged dry periods.
  • The country has experienced an unprecedented drought since 2007, according to the Djibouti government, seriously affecting more than 50% of the rural population.
  • The drought has had multiple and cumulative effects resulting in (i) a sharp drop in groundwater and drying up of traditional wells for the supply of drinking water to the rural population and livestock; (Ii) the total degradation or disappearance of the vegetation cover in many rangelands, thereby decimating livestock; (Iii) and the depletion of wells in small agricultural areas.
  • In addition, drought has had a major impact on household incomes and living conditions (especially in rural areas), food security, and the prevalence of malnutrition and the health of populations, especially the most vulnerable.
  • The occasional cyclonic disturbance from the Indian Ocean resulting heavy rains and flash floods, cause property damage in both rural and urban areas, often resulting high displacement of the affected population.
  • Djibouti had limited volcanic activity experiences, Ardoukoba (elev. 298 m) last erupted in 1978; Manda-Inakir, located along the Ethiopian border, is also historically active.
Contacts:
Name of IDDRSI Focal Point :  Ismail Elmi Habaneh
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Name of IDDRSI Coordinator : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Related links 

Contact IDDRSI National Coordinator Djibouti

 

 

Mr. Racid Hersi

Djibouti IDDRSI National Coordinator

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