The National IDDRSI Platform has been established in accordance with The Constitutional Decree number 380 for 2015 signed by his Excellency the President of the Sudan on 10 / September /2015. It is composed of three main units:
- The Ministerial committee consists of eleven Federal Ministers of line ministries of:
- Agriculture; (2) Environment;
- council of Ministers;
- Finance and Economic Planning;
- Water and Electricity;
- Animal Resources;
- Federal Governance;
- Social Affairs;
- International Cooperation;
- Environmental Council for Urban development;
- The Minister of Agriculture is the chair person for the committee, the Minister of Environment, Natural Resources and Physical Development Co-chair and the Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture is the reporter.’
- The Extended Committee is composed of thirty-four members including the under-secretaries of the line ministries, institutions of the line ministries, civil societies, research institutions and education universities. The Under Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is the chair person of committee and the Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Physical Development is the reporter.
- The IDDRSI Coordinator for Sudan is the coordinator for the platform.
The Ministerial committee meets four times a year to look into policy reform and structure and performance of the extended committee and of the coordination mechanism. The committee reports to the council of ministers. The committee is authorized to look into any document of relevance to its mandate.
The extended committee meets four times a year to implement the mandate of six items:
- To consider the inclusion of the components of drought policy reforms in the country financial approval,
- Preparation of plans and strategies and national priorities concerning the drought and disaster initiative and mobilization and استقطاب financial resources for the programs and projects,
- Strengthening the support to ensure national and international linkages to provide policies and indicators for drought in order to reach the target results,
- Preparation of studies to enhance improvement of coordination mechanism and the coordination between the concerned institutions at the Federal and State levels,
- Coordination of interaction between platforms within relevant institutions through periodic exchange of information, execution of seminars and workshops, exchange of experience, lessons learnt and good practices and publishing of their knowledge, that is in addition to establishment of information centers relevant to drought in Sudan,
- The extended committee can seek support from experts, specialists and resource persons perceived as relevant in addition to the development partners to assist the committee in performing its duties.
The mandate and duties of the Coordination unit are contained in six items:
1. Liaison between the Ministerial and the extended committees,
2. Mobilization of resources to steer the functions of the platform,
3. Preparation of the regulations for platform meetings,
4. Preparation of meetings agenda and the invitations,
5. Take the responsibility of leadership of duties assigned by the platform.
6. Committed to national and regional engagement of IDDRSI activities
Sudan is an African country with an area of 188.8 million hectare. Almost 80% of Sudan is within the dry lands with rain fall ≤ 50 - ≥800 mm per annum. The vegetation cover is sparse in the northern desert zone covered with short scrubs to stunted trees increasing in density and size of trees in a profile following the rain fall profile. The tree height culminates in 4.0 – 6 meters in height within the savannah zone.
Special sites that receive more waters are represented by the Nile Basin characterized by rich soils and abundant surface water. Underground water represent a small portion of Sudan area, and the major part of central Sudan lies on basement complex with limited fractions of underground water.
Sudan is predominantly an agricultural country with 80% of agricultural practice depends on rainfall where grains like sorghum, millet and sesames are the main cultivated crops. Along the Nile and in areas where groundwater is promising, irrigated agriculture is practiced. Livestock and pastoral systems constitute a second livelihood supporting practice.
Drought is a major constraint confronting agriculture and pastoral systems.
The population of Sudan is approximately 34.0 million persons. Sudan is characterized by diverse ethnic communities based on tribal origin. Limited areas in west Sudan are facing conflicting interest. Most of conflicts originate as a result of differences in land use and natural resources needs which are caused as a result of droughts.
Recurrent drought in Sudan witnessed since early 1900s reflected in increasing temperature (left, upper Attbara city, lower, Gedarif) and declining rainfall (right upper Medani, lower, Kassala). Conflicts on natural resources and internal people displacement are common.
Left: Temperature increasing trend, right: rainfall declining trend.
Pastoral adopt coping mechanism against drought resilience by nomadic movement from their home during wet season in southern parts to northern areas with lower rains (July – November). They use the pasture and artificial water points. By December they return to their homes to use the dry pasture and browsing trees. Their source of water is based on boreholes and the wet water streams.
Severe droughts of 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2011 resulted in collapse of crops and range and lead to death of livestock. Various levels of conflicts escalated in armed wars that resulted in lives loss.
Contact IDDRSI National Coordinator Sudan
Professor Elnour Abdalla Elsiddig
Sudan IDDRSI National Coordinator
· Babiker Hassan Adam