DROUGHT RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMME IN THE HORN OF AFRICA
PHASE I : Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and IGAD Secretariat
The project interventions will support activities to rebuild existing livelihoods through investment in natural resources (water, pasture) management, integrated land management and ecosystem restoration and protection and also investment in agricultural and livestock infrastructure, while improving storage, market and transport infrastructure, such as rural roads. The project aims at addressing the root causes of the region’s vulnerability in order to build a medium to long-term resilience against drought, enhance peace building and conflict resolution and equitable utilization of the limited natural resources as elaborated by the earlier study.
Natural Resource Management
Natural Water Resources Maanagment
Enhanced water infrastructure for human, agriculture and livestock
-Development of water storage and other related infrastructures
-Rehabilitation and upgrading of existing irrigation schemes, emergency water supply systems
-Protection of water reservoirs and conservation of water catchment areas.
Enhanced Regional Water Basins Cooperation and Coordination
Improvement of Livestock Infrastructure and management
Improvement of livestock marketing infrastructure for market access.
-Market infrastructure such as market enclosures, holding grounds, etc
-Communication systems in pastoral rural.
-Undertake Regional market study to optimize potential value chains and strengthen regional trade.
Improvement of livestock health, infrastructure, and management.
-Carrying out a livestock census.
-Strengthening institutional capacity in disease diagnosis, Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary measures, standards and procedures development and certification;
-Support genetic improvement of local breeds
Improved rangeland management.
Project Management and Capacity Building
National and Regional Capacity Building activities to strengthen operational capabilities in the Region.
-Development of national policies and legislation to enhance community participation in the management of water, pasture and livestock marketing
-Enhance regional market information systems.
-Knowledge generation through research for development and information management dissemination through extension.
-Mitigation and adaptation to Climate Change.
-Development and Promotion of Gender policies.
Support to IGAD
Support to IGAD Secretariat for Technical Assistance, Capacity Building.
-IGAD will carry out Regional Studies (assessments, diagnostic, mapping, feasibility, etc.) on Water resources
-Livestock (numbers, trade and marketing, herd modelling, TADs),
-Livelihood economies (coping strategies, diversification, food and nutrition security, etc.), -Regional and national policies on water resources, livestock, food security, etc
Project’s target area and population
This project will cover three countries of the HOA namely Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya, targeting drought prone areas that have been identified. In Djibouti the selected areas are Beyya Dader (Région d’Ali Sabieh), Gaggade-Derela (Région de Dikhil) and Weima (Région de Tadjourah-Obock); in Ethiopia the Afar and Somali regions were selected and in Kenya the project will cover six arid and semi-arid counties namely Baringo, Isiolo, Marsabit, Samburu, Turkana and West Pokot. The target population is estimated that 12 million people, 98 million cattle, 173 million sheep and goats severely affected by drought.
Key performance indicators
The overall relevant performance indicators have been summarized in the Project Results Based Logical Framework. Detailed country specific indicators are provided in the technical documents. Key Performance Indicators include among others: (i) number of people and livestock accessing water; (ii) livestock carrying capacity; (iii) productivity and value, and enhanced rain-fed crop production and yield; (iv) access to feeder roads network; (v) animal health services; and (vi) number of personnel capable of handling agro-pastoral production systems. The design emphasizes the key importance of the Monitoring and Evaluation activities, with the inclusion of an M&E Specialist in the project implementation team. The design of the project also insists on the absolute necessity, for each project coordination unit, to produce timely the required quarterly and annual progress reports, and the Mid-term Review Report as source of information towards the measurement of the project outputs and intermediary outcomes.
- The project has been appraised in five of the eight countries of the HoA (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia (Somaliland), Sudan, and IGAD Secretariat. However due to financial constraints, the programme will be implemented in phases. Phase I (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and IGAD Secretariat) will be implemented using the ADF 12 Resources. Subsequent phases will include the remaining countries (Eritrea, Uganda, Somaliland-Somalia- Sudan and South Sudan) and will be appraised and brought for Board consideration depending on resource availability in subsequent ADF cycles.
- The project will provide human and institutional support to IGAD Secretariat to facilitate implementation of the drought resilience initiatives in the Region. A Regional Coordination Unit will be established at the IGAD Secretariat, composed of a Coordinator, Water Resources Expert/NRM Expert, Livestock Production Expert, Food Security/Early Warning/Nutrition Expert, Monitoring and Evaluation Expert/Knowledge Management Expert, Database experts/focal points for collecting and uploading data from member countries. The staff will have the required expertise to conduct relevant regional studies that would support the drought resilience initiatives.
- At country level, each country of the programme will implement its own identified resilience activities, using the national technical institutions. The overall coordination of the programme will be carried out at the regional level by IGAD but working in close liaison with the various governments of the HoA. At national levels the relevant line ministries will be the executing agencies and will be responsible for the day to day implementation of activities. The key responsible ministries will be those in charge of Water, Agriculture, Livestock Production, Trade, and Lands, depending on each country. During the implementation phase, a robust monitoring and evaluation system will be established both at country level and at IGAD Secretariat, to track implementation progress and monitor performance regularly through supervision, mid-term and end-term evaluation missions. At national level, a project implementation arrangement has been defined, comprising a Project implementation Unit and a Project Steering Committee. The discussions held in each country highlighted the capacity of the respective Executing Agencies, in terms of financial management and procurement, which was found generally acceptable, due to the past experience of the EAs to implement and manage donors’ projects/programmes.
- The PIU will carry out the overall day-to-day implementation of the activities of the national project. The staffing of the PIUs has been defined at country level and in general PIUs will comprise: a Project manager, an Accountant, a Procurement specialist, an M&E specialist, as core staff. The established National Project Steering Committee (PSC) will provide policy guidance, review project progress, and approve Annual Workplan & Budget. The composition of the national PSCs that will include the main partners is detailed in respective country annexes. The PSCs are expected to meet at least twice a year.