DROUGHT RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMME IN THE HORN OF AFRICA
PHASE II : Somalia
- Programme Overview. The Somalia component of the Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Programme – Project II (DRSLP II) in the Horn of Africa is part of a multinational programme that covers Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan. The project will be implemented in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central regions of Somalia. For insecurity reasons, the Federal Government of Somalia and the Bank agreed to limit the DRSLP II activities for South Central Somalia to capacity building of line ministries. The total cost of the Somalia Component is UA 15 million (5 million from Transition Support Facility, and 10 million from the ADF XIII Regional Operations Window).
The project is expected to improve living conditions of rural community beneficiaries in target areas of Puntland and Somaliland estimated to be 800 000 people and their 4 million animals by i) improving water availability and accessibility, and the environment through land degradation and desertification control measures; ii) improvement of livestock production and management, animal health and infrastructure for market access; and; ii) improvement of opportunities for women in terms of water management, accessing markets and generating more income; vi) building human and institutional capacity to handle agro-pastoral production. Due to the seasonal migratory nature of the pastoralist, more people and livestock from other regions of the country are expected to benefit from the project as many will move to the project area at least part of the year. The project is expected to also train locally and regionally at least 100 personnel (30% women) in the ministries of Livestock, Agriculture, and Water; and about 1,500 community members (at-least 30% women) will benefit from sensitization and awareness workshops on natural resources conservation and management, peace building and conflict resolution
- Needs Assessment: Somalia, as in many parts of the Horn of Africa (HoA) region, is currently experiencing reduced, unpredictable rainfall with frequent droughts, which adversely affect natural resources and their dependent pastoral, and agro-pastoral communities. The drought of 2010- 2011 in the HoA region was so severe that over 12 million people were in dire need of emergency assistance. It is in response to this phenomenal situation that the Bank developed the Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Program (DRSLP) for the HoA in line with its objective for partnerships in Eastern Africa. The DRSLP was conceptualized based on the outcomes of a Bank financed 2008-2010 Regional Study on Sustainable Livestock Development in the Horn of Africa. The study recommended investment in the areas of water resources infrastructure; infrastructure for livestock production and marketing; capacity building of government personnel and communities; and conflict resolution and peace building.
Despite the fact that Somalia has been the most vulnerable to the impacts of drought, it was not included in the countries covered by DRSLP I as it was not eligible for ADF resources given its current arrears. It is clear that without the inclusion of Somalia, the DRSLP in the HoA will remain ineffective given the trans-boundary implications of pastoralism, water resources management and livestock trade in the region.
- Bank’s Added Value: The Bank is already implementing DRSLP I which covers three countries (Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya) that share border with Somalia with significant trans-boundary implications of pastoralism, water resources management and livestock trade. Lessons learnt from Bank’s involvement in these countries were incorporated in the design of the DRSLP Project II.
- Knowledge Management: The DRSLP II for Somalia will be the first investment project the Bank will undertake since the collapse of the central government in Somalia in 1991. The experience will be documented as lessons learnt for new interventions in the country and elsewhere. Progress reports, audit reports, mid-term review reports, and completion reports as well as other information routinely collected, as part of monitoring and evaluation framework, will be used to document the lessons learnt. The Bank will share this knowledge with other development partners and stakeholders through joint sector reviews and other appropriate technical meetings. Project implementation and management and coordination parties will also meet regularly with the target beneficiaries to learn from them. In addition, IGAD is expected to carry out analytical work to generate scientific information and knowledge during implementation of this project and others in the region under the DRSLP II in the HoA.
- Project Descritption The DRSLP II is geared towards building resilience and sustainable livelihoods for pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in drought-prone areas of Somalia. The overall goal is to contribute to poverty reduction and accelerated economic growth on a sustainable basis in Somalia. This will be achieved by investing in natural resources (water, pasture) management, integrated land management and ecosystem restoration and protection as well as rebuilding of agricultural and livestock infrastructures,. The medium and long term goal of the programme is to stabilize the pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems and improve livelihoods and resilience of the production systems. The specific objectives of the programme are:
- Improvement of water availability and accessibility, and improve the environment through land degradation and desertification control measures ;
- Improvement of livestock production and management, animal health and infrastructure for market access;
- Building human and institutional capacity to handle agro-pastoral production, improve policy and institutional frameworks; and
- Improved opportunities for women in terms of water management, accessing markets and generating more income.
Component of the projects
Natural Resources ManagementConstruction/rehabilitation of 11 Baleys (flood water harvesting reservoirs) with 50,000 m3 volume; 6 boreholes with ancillary structures (animal troughs, pipes, reservoir tank, generator); 30 surface/subsurface sand dams, 1 water storage steel tank (500 m3).
• Land degradation and desertification control measures, including flood water diversions and water spreading in 500 ha in 3 locations in Puntland
Market Access and TradeConstruction/rehabilitation of 190 km of rural feeder roads, 5 livestock market enclosures (with loading ramps, watering points, sanitation and shelters) 12 certification points (holding grounds, pasture/feed, water, shades, vet services).
Livelihoods SupportEstablishment/rehabilitation of 5 regional animal health centres with laboratory diagnosis and disease surveillance capabilities; 7 mobile veterinary clinical services (equipment and shades).
- Capacity building of 100 personnel (at least 30% women) in the ministries of Livestock, Agriculture, and Water
- Rehabilitation, furnishing and equipping of Mogadishu Water Agency Building; offices of the Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock in Mogadishu, Middle & Lower Shabelle regions.
- Sensitization and awareness raising workshops on natural resources conservation and management, peace building and conflict resolution for about 1,500 community members (at-least 30% women)
- Technical assistance to the project management and coordination at national and regional levels