Development partners in the Horn of Africa region are working closely with IGAD as it builds its capacity for expanding roles on drought resilience. A donor working group on Technical Assistance to IGAD for Resilience met in August and October, 2012 and in May, 2013 to promote coordination and effectiveness. This group has agreed to align all activities with IGAD’s Institutional Strengthening Action Plan (ISAP), which has been supported since 2010 by a group of Nordic countries coordinated by Denmark. The group is also linked to the IGAD Partners’ Forum (IPF), which was created in 1997 as part of the formal governance structure of IGAD. IGAD’s agenda on drought resilience and sustainability is closely linked to the Global Alliance for Action on Drought Resilience and Growth formed in 2012 to align the headquarters of a wide range of international development partners around new ways of bringing together humanitarian and development assistance to build sustainable resilience.
Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland channel support through a Joint Financing Agreement (JFA). The ISAP is focused on strengthening the capacity and performance of the IGAD Secretariat, as well as its linkages with member states, development partners, and external stakeholders. As it starts its second phase (2012-2014) ISAP is providing an organizing framework for tracking the full range of activities of the IGAD Secretariat, to which the other donors are aligning their technical assistance contributions, both within and outside of the JFA. The ISAP is also supporting improved mechanisms such as a common annual workplans, standard reporting formats, and joint audits to pull all management procedures into IGAD’s own systems operating according to international standards, rather than respond to separate procedures required by different donor agencies.
Finland In addition to its participation in the JFA for the ISAP and funding the IGAD Facilitation Office in the Sudan, Finland supports the institutional strengthening through 1) the establishment of a Project Preparation and Management Unit (PPMU), 2) both long-term and short-term Technical Assistance (TA) 3) funding support for three Regional Experts based at IGAD Secretariat. Support has focused on procedures, guidelines, training manuals and tools, while providing training for the staff of IGAD Secretariat, specialized institutions and regional projects.
In addition to its participation in the JFA for the ISAP, Denmark supports a productive capacities and resilience programme under the umbrella of IDDRSI with three components: 1) support through IGAD to facilitate a civil society facility and to fund research grants on dryland resilience and food security, 2) support to Somalia through the FAO, and 3) support to Ethiopia with the World Bank.
]Germany is providing advisory services through GIZ staff seconded to the Secretariat and support through local grants for training, consultancies, consultative meetings, equipment, and materials. Its advisory services focuses on strengthening the Platform Coordination Unit (PCU) and are organized in three areas: a) regional programming to improve individual skills and institutional capacity in managing IGAD’s regional project portolio.; b) regional knowledge management (including M&E-System and GIS), and c) IGAD’s internal capacity development as well as IGAD’s capacity development services to Member States. GIZ has set up a unit in the Secretariat to manage the funding for these activities. German Cooperation is also engaged through GIZ and KfW in bilateral cooperation for Drought Resilience in different IGAD Member States.
USAID’s regional mission is providing resources directly to the IGAD Secretariat to build up its professional staff, both for the resilience platform and for general management functions including procurement and financial management, and to support program activities in knowledge management and communication. USAID is also supporting a Technical Consortium of the CGIAR international research centers led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the FAO investment Center in Rome. This group is providing technical support and backstopping to IGAD and the member states as they the refine the CPPs and the RPPs, and is supporting the development of an M&E system. Support to AU-IBAR on animal disease standards is also linked to ICAPLD/IGAD. USAID’s missions in the Horn of Africa are expanding their support to resilience activities at the national and regional levels, within the common framework.
Italian Development Cooperation
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
African Development Bank
The AfDB has seconded a technical expert to the resilience platform, and is supporting the recruitment of technical staff and the procurement of equipment. The Bank is also supporting regional studies on water resources and livestock. In addition to the technical, human, and institutional support to IGAD, the AfDB will also support field programs on resilience in member states over the coming 15 years.
The FAO is supporting the development of a regional IGAD CAADP compact.. With a technical advisor seconded to IGAD Drought Resilience Initiative based in Djibouti, the organization provides technical support to the resilience platform and the Sheik Technical Veterinary School in Somaliland. The FAO is also supporting data collection on cross-border trade, and technical cooperation programs on livestock and fisheries value chains and on rangeland rehabilitation. The Investment Centre in Rome is a key partner in the Technical Consortium cited above. FAO is providing support to monitoring and evaluation, as well as knowledge sharing and learning, including the organization of a Knowledge ShareFair and creating linkages with the Sahel/CILSS. FAO is also providing technical support to IGAD, its member states, and Development Partners to develop regional investment programmes such as the World-Bank financed Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project.
The UNDP is providing technical experts to help develop and operationalize the IGAD platform, to enhance the technical and functional capacity of IGAD to facilitate resilience interventions, and to strengthen information and knowledge management systems. Contact Hodan Haji-Mohamud.
World Food Program
In 2010, the WFP was the first UN Agency to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with IGAD. Support is being provided in the areas of early warning, disaster risk management, and nutrition. The MOU is being updated to align with IGAD’s Drought Resilience and Sustainability Strategy. The WFP will be sharing regional vulnerability maps and regional DRR initiatives, among other services, with IGAD and IGAD specialized institutions in line with the provisions in the updated MOU.