The IGAD Drought Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI) Strategy is aimed at addressing the effects of drought and related shocks in the IGAD region in a sustainable and holistic manner. The decision to end drought emergences was taken by IGAD and East African Community (EAC) Heads of State and Government at a Summit convened in Nairobi on 9th September 2011, following the severe drought that devastated the region in 2010/2011. The Summit took the bold decision to address the effects of recurring droughts on vulnerable communities in the IGAD region, calling for increased commitment by affected countries and Development Partners to support investments in sustainable development especially in the Arid and Semiarid Lands (ASALs). The Nairobi Summit assigned the IGAD Secretariat the role of leading and coordinating the implementation of the decision; and urged all countries to work together as a region and all concerned to do things differently, working concertedly and holistically, combining relief and development interventions, aimed at building resilience to future shocks.  

Following the Nairobi Heads of State Summit in September 2011, IGAD was given the mandate to coordinate regional initiatives to build resilience to drought in the Horn of Africa (HoA).  Each member states have prepared their own country program paper.

In the Country Programming Paper, each IGAD member state articulates its overall IDDRSI priorities to build drought disaster resilience. Those priorities are reflected in the CPP according to the common Priority Intervention Areas found in IDDRSI. The CPP is then used as a basis to obtain funding for new projects and programmes.

In addition to the CPP there is also a regional programming paper which looks at the regional and cross-border dimensions under IDDRSI. Those dimensions will be linked to the responsibilities of IGAD. 

The objective of Regional Programming Paper is ‘To enhance livelihood resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in drought prone areas'.  

This is in line with IDDRSI vision and goal:

Vision:  To enhance drought resilient communities and sustainability in the IGAD region

Overall Goal:  Drought disaster resilient communities, institutions and ecosystem in ASALs of IGAD by 2027.